The Tube: Station to Station on the London Underground (Shire General)

By Oliver Green

This identify appears at London's tube stations, one of the city's such a lot special and iconic constructions.

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In 2011 Broadway’s indexed development prestige was once raised to Grade I in popularity of its history price and its significance as one of many most interesting early twentieth-century structures in London. it really is nonetheless the pinnacle workplace of London Underground. earlier than embarking at the subsequent new venture to increase the Piccadilly line into the suburbs at either ends, decide and Holden made an architectural research journey of northern Europe in 1930 to examine the various most modern public constructions they either famous in Sweden, Denmark, Holland and Germany. the recent and rebuilt Piccadilly extension stations of 1931–3 north of Finsbury Park and west of Hammersmith contain a few of Holden’s most sensible paintings, marking the winning evolution of a brand new and distinct Underground sort. Holden noted them modestly as his ‘brick containers with concrete lids’, yet they're a great deal greater than that. An artwork Deco lamp from 1932 nonetheless within the reserving corridor at Bounds eco-friendly, a surviving instance of Holden’s cautious cognizance to element and fittings within the Piccadilly line extension stations. He and decide had built a brand new vocabulary for delivery structure which artfully combined conventional English brick construction features with glossy north ecu affects, that includes flat concrete roofs and steel framed home windows. The UERL’s layout variety additionally included the immediately recognisable symbols of the Underground, that includes the bar and circle equipment, specific signage and cautious consciousness to lighting fixtures in and out. decide had commissioned a transparent sans serif letterface for the Underground from calligrapher Edward Johnston throughout the First international struggle, and utilized it to many of the UERL’s posters and signage from approximately 1920. quickly afterwards Johnston was once requested to revamp the forged purple disc station identify board as a bar and circle incorporating his lettering. this mixture has been used ever on the grounds that on all Underground stations, with a variety of evolutions and amendments. It additionally turned, successively, the major aspect within the Underground, London delivery and now TfL’s company identification. initially referred to as the bullseye image and this day because the roundel, the bar and circle machine has successfully turn into the emblem of London itself and is known immediately in every single place. whereas the UERL tested its identification via newly outfitted and modernised infrastructure in all places London, Selbie’s Metropolitan focused on enhancing its companies, constructions and kit all through its catchment quarter to the northwest of town. those have been the districts in Middlesex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire jointly often called ‘Metro-land’, the catchy name devised through one of many Met’s exposure employees in 1915 and shortly to turn into nearly a synonym for suburbia. larger London grew quicker in Metro-land districts among the wars than in the other region outdoors the London County Council limitations. Selbie’s corporation, with its linked housing property advancements, turned a truly profitable commuter railway during this interval. Restored path join up Edgware highway close to Maida Vale station, courting from the Nineteen Twenties, with Johnston’s Underground lettering and redesigned bar and circle image.

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