The Neanderthal Legacy: An Archaeological Perspective from Western Europe

The Neanderthals populated western Europe from approximately 250,000 to 30,000 years in the past after they disappeared from the archaeological list. In flip, populations of anatomically smooth people, Homo sapiens, got here to dominate the world. looking to comprehend the character of this alternative, which has turn into a hotly debated factor, Paul Mellars brings jointly an exceptional volume of knowledge at the habit of Neanderthals. His accomplished evaluate levels from the proof of device manufacture and comparable styles of lithic know-how, in the course of the problems with subsistence and payment styles, to the extra debatable facts for social association, cognition, and intelligence. Mellars argues that earlier makes an attempt to signify Neanderthal habit as both "modern" or "ape-like" are either overstatements. we will larger understand the substitute of Neanderthals, he continues, through focusing on the social and demographic constitution of Neanderthal populations and on their particular diversifications to the tough ecological stipulations of the final glaciation.

Mellars's method of those concerns is grounded firmly in his archaeological facts. He illustrates the consequences of those findings by way of drawing from the equipment of comparative socioecology, primate experiences, and Pleistocene paleoecology. The ebook presents an in depth evaluate of the climatic and environmental heritage to Neanderthal profession in Europe, and of the at the moment topical problems with the behavioral and organic transition from Neanderthal to totally "modern" populations.

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