The Archaeology of the Holy Land: From the Destruction of Solomon's Temple to the Muslim Conquest

By Jodi Magness

This publication offers an creation to the archaeology and background of old Palestine - glossy Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinian territories - from the destruction of Solomon's temple in 586 BCE to the Muslim conquest in 640 CE. particular consciousness is paid to the archaeology of Jerusalem and the second one Temple interval, for the duration of Herod the nice and Jesus. for every interval, the e-book deals a old history for the Mediterranean international and the traditional close to East, in addition to the occasions in Palestine. significant websites corresponding to Masada, Caesarea Maritima, and Petra are tested in archaeological and old element, in addition to the cloth tradition - cash, pottery, glass, and stone vessels - of every interval. This e-book presents a radical assessment of the archaeology of this traditionally brilliant a part of the area.

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Sixty nine The Archaeology of the Holy Land four. three around tower at Samaria. Archaeology: websites Samaria and Shechem After the Samaritan insurrection (see bankruptcy 3), Alexander banished the Samaritans from the town of Samaria – the traditional capital of the northern nation of Israel – and settled Macedonian veterans there. The Samaritans settled in Shechem, an historic biblical city on the foot in their holy mountain, Mount Gerizim. The Macedonian veterans reoccupied the Israelite fortress at Samaria, including around towers to its old circuit wall. The towers are exotic by means of the fashion of masonry – that's, the way in which the stones are reduce and laid. The faces of the stones are approximately smoothed, and the entire stones are laid as headers (meaning that the quick finish faces out, unlike stretchers, during which the lengthy part faces out). around towers are a attribute characteristic of Hellenistic fortifications. They grew to become universal within the Hellenistic interval in keeping with the creation of a brand new form of offensive weapon: ballistas, that have been torsion machines that threw huge stone projectiles (cannon shot). sq. towers have been vunerable to ballistas as the stones may well harm or holiday the corners. notwithstanding, now not all around towers are Hellenistic (some are later), and sq. towers endured to be equipped and used for hundreds of years. Straton’s Tower The relationship of around towers figures prominently in makes an attempt to spot archaeological continues to be of Straton’s Tower (later rebuilt through Herod the good and 70 ᪉ The Early Hellenistic interval (332–167 B. C. E. ) four. four around tower at Caesarea. renamed Caesarea Maritima). Straton’s Tower used to be a small city at the Palestinian coast, situated south of the fashionable urban of Haifa. The town’s identify refers back to the Phoenician king (Straton or Strato), who based it within the fourth century B. C. E. , whilst the Palestinian coast was once less than the guideline of Tyre and Sidon. even supposing many alternative archaeological expeditions have labored at Caesarea because the institution of the country of Israel in 1948, continues to be linked to Straton’s Tower have confirmed elusive. it appears, while Herod rebuilt town as Caesarea, many of the previous continues to be have been obliterated. The town’s identify means that a tower used to be a well-liked function. for this reason, makes an attempt to spot Hellenistic interval continues to be have occupied with a around tower that's integrated into the (later) Herodian urban wall at the north aspect of Caesarea. the truth that the tower is around indicates an early date to a couple archaeologists. besides the fact that, not like at Samaria, the around tower at Caesarea is equipped of stones laid as either headers and stretchers. in addition, not like at Samaria, at Caesarea the faces of the stones have drafted margins (that is, the 4 edges of the stone are soft) and tough, projecting heart panels (called “bosses”). This masonry variety is attribute of the overdue moment and primary centuries B. C. E. for this reason, such a lot archaeologists date the around tower at Caesarea both to the time of Herod the nice or to the past due Hellenistic interval (ca.

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